How was Kilimanjaro formed?


How was Kilimanjaro formed?

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safariquestions 2 years 1 Answer 155 views 0

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  1. Kilimanjaro was formed from volcanic activity. However, the mountain once had three volcanic cones – Kibo, Shira and Mawenzi.

    • Kibo (19,340’/5,895m)
    • Mawenzi (16,893’/5,149m)
    • Shira (13,000’/3,962m)

    Kibo is the tallest cone and also the central cone. This is where Kilimanjaro’s summit lies. It was formed 460,000 years ago.
    Mawenzi is a craggy peak that ranks as the third highest peak in Africa, after Kibo and Mount Kenya (12,549’/3825m). You will have good views of Mawenzi on the Rongai and Northern Circuit routes.
    Shira is no longer a peak. It is estimated to have been about 16,000 feet high before it collapsed, creating the Shira Plateau on the western side of the mountain. The Machame, Lemosho and Shira routes trek across this feature.

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