Tanzania Wildlife and Landscape
Tanzanian Wildlife and Landscape refers to the fauna of Tanzania. Tanzania contains some 20 percent of the species of Africa’s large mammal population, found across its reserves, conservation areas, marine parks, and 17 national parks, spread over an area of more than 42,000 square kilometers (16,000 sq mi) and forming approximately 38 percent of the country’s territory. Wildlife resources of Tanzania are described as “without parallel in Africa” and “the prime game viewing country“
Serengeti National Park which represents part of Wildlife in Tanzania and the country’s second largest national park area at 14,763 square kilometers (5,700 sq mi), is located in northern Tanzania and is famous for its extensive migratory herds of wildebeests and zebra while also having the reputation as one of the great natural wonders of the world. The Ngorongoro Conservation Area, established in 1959, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and inhabited by the Maasai people. Its Ngorongoro Crater’s the largest intact caldera in the world.
The national parks are also part of the wetlands of Tanzania. The wild animals tend to be closer to the wetlands, particularly the water loving species such as the hippopotamus, waterbuck, common warthog, elephant, crocodile, sitatunga as well as water birds such as flamingos and ducks.
Since the colonial era, wildlife conservation in Tanzania has been the prerogative of the government. Under this structure, the use of wildlife resources by local communities had always been restrictive, causing increased rural poverty and poaching. In recent years, the Tanzania National Parks Authority (TANAPA) has initiated corrective actions to involve the local community in conservation efforts, which is aimed at contribution to local economies by way of equitable benefits sharing.
Tanzania’s wildlife, extolled as the “finest safari experiences and wildlife spectacles found anywhere on the planet”, has 40 national parks and game reserves. There are 17 national parks covering a total area of 42,235 square kilometres (16,307 sq mi). These parks are as follows: By William Amon Sekajingo 3
- Arusha National Park (552 square kilometres (213 sq mi))
- Gombe Stream National Park (52 square kilometres (20 sq mi))
- Jozani Chwaka Bay National Park
- Katavi National Park (4,471 square kilometres (1,726 sq mi))
- Kilimanjaro National Park (1,668 square kilometres (644 sq mi))
- Kitulo National Park (413 square kilometres (159 sq mi))
- Mahale Mountains National Park (1,613 square kilometres (623 sq mi))
- Lake Manyara National Park (330 square kilometres (130 sq mi))
- Mikumi National Park (3,230 square kilometres (1,250 sq mi))
- Mkomazi National Park (3,245 square kilometres (1,253 sq mi))
- Ruaha National Park (20,226 square kilometres (7,809 sq mi))
- Rubondo Island National Park (457 square kilometres (176 sq mi))
- Saadani National Park (1,062 square kilometres (410 sq mi))
- Saanane Island National Park (2.18 square kilometres (0.84 sq mi))
- Serengeti National Park (14,763 square kilometres (5,700 sq mi))
- Tarangire National Park (2,850 square kilometres (1,100 sq mi))
- Udzungwa Mountains National Park (1,990 square kilometres (770 sq mi)).
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